The objective of the agreement is to reduce global warming as described in Article 2, to «improve implementation» of the UNFCCC by: The Paris Agreement, which was developed more than two weeks in Paris at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and adopted on 12 December 2015, marked a historic turning point in the fight against climate change. when the heads of state and government of the world, representing 195 nations, reached consensus on an agreement that included commitments from all countries to combat and adapt to climate change. INDCs become NDCs – national contributions – as soon as a country formally accedes to the agreement. There are no specific requirements on how or to what extent countries should reduce emissions, but there were political expectations about the nature and rigour of different countries` targets. As a result, national plans are very different in scale and ambition and largely reflect each country`s capabilities, level of development and contribution to emissions over time. For example, China has committed to leveling its CO2 emissions by 2030 at the latest and reducing CO2 emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 60-65% by 2030 compared to their 2005 level. India has set a target of reducing emissions intensity by 33-35% compared to 2005 by 2030 and producing 40% of its electricity from non-fossil sources. In 2004, COP 10 was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The parties have begun to discuss options for adaptation.. . .