Even e-mails can be a Tex. R. Civ. Proc. 11. To Green v. Midland Mortg. Co. (About 14 Dist. 2011) 342 S.W.3d 686 the 14th Houston Court of Appeals, which ruled in 2011 that the emails and a letter constituted a Rule 11 agreement. Other cases have called into question the validity of electronic signatures.
The voluntary addition of a signature block to an email is probably sufficient for an agreement under Rule 11. In re the Marriage of Joyner, the parties signed a negotiated transaction agreement (MSA) «that limited and divided most of their assets» and complied with the provisions of paragraph 6.602 of the Texas Family Code. 196 S.W.3d 883.886 (Tex. App.-Texarkana 2006, fart. refused). Three months later, a final hearing was held, during which the court was to resolve personal wealth issues on which the parties had not been able to agree. But it is interesting to note that simply sending an email containing a signature block does not necessarily fulfill the requirement to sign Rule 11. If there is no evidence that the signature was entered intentionally and was not automatically generated, there is no agreement signed in accordance with Rule 11.
See Cunningham v. Zurich Am. In the. Co. Therefore, when setting up your email settings to automatically put an electronic signature on outgoing messages, you probably didn`t sign an outgoing agreement under Rule 11 without an explicit agreement being linked to the text of the message. At least with respect to Article 11 agreements, automation does not always mean efficiency. Since agreements are governed by contract law under Rule 11, an action to enforce a Rule 11 agreement, for which consent has been withdrawn, must be based on proper documentation and evidence. A party seeking enforcement must pursue a separate breach of contract law and, as with most contractual claims in Texas, legal fees can be recovered if the movant prevails. This process is also likely to be an expensive consequence, unrelated to the underlying issues. Therefore, the parties should strive to respect the agreements they have entered into under section 11 in order to allow for an effective decision on the issues. Finally, it is important not to ignore the rule 11 requirement that the agreement be «written» and «signed.» As generally stated, a valid and enforceable rule 11 agreement may be signed by counsel for the parties or by the parties themselves.
Because Texas has passed the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (a law that states that «a signature is required, an electronic signature complies with the law»), Texas courts assert that your electronic signature is a signed handwriting in the context of Rule 11.